Risk Assessment Is a Term Used to Describe the Overall Process or Method
• Identify hazards and risk factors that have the potential to cause harm (hazard identification).
• Analyze and evaluate the risk associated with that hazard (risk analysis, and risk evaluation).
• Determine appropriate ways to eliminate the hazard, or control the risk when the hazard cannot be eliminated (risk control).
A risk assessment is a thorough look at your workplace to identify those things, situations, processes, etc. that may cause harm, particularly to people. After identification is made, you analyze and evaluate how likely and severe the risk is. When this determination is made, you can next, decide what measures should be in place to effectively eliminate or control the harm from happening.
Why Is Risk Assessment Important?
Risk assessments are very important as they form an integral part of an occupational health and safety management plan. They help to:
Create awareness of hazards and risk.
Identify who may be at risk (e.g., employees, cleaners, visitors, contractors, the public, etc.).
Determine whether a control program is required for a particular hazard.
Determine if existing control measures are adequate or if more should be done.
Prevent injuries or illnesses, especially when done at the design or planning stage.
Prioritize hazards and control measures.
Meet legal requirements where applicable.
What Is The Goal of Risk Assessment?
The aim of the risk assessment process is to evaluate hazards, then remove that hazard or minimize the level of its risk by adding control measures, as necessary. By doing so, you have created a safer and healthier workplace.
The goal is to try to answer the following questions:
What can happen and under what circumstances?
What are the possible consequences?
How likely are the possible consequences to occur?
Is the risk controlled effectively, or is further action required?
When should a risk assessment be done?
There may be many reasons a risk assessment is needed, including:
Before new processes or activities are introduced.
Before changes are introduced to existing processes or activities, including when products, machinery, tools, equipment change or new information concerning harm becomes available.
When hazards are identified.
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• Health & Safety Training for Managers and Supervisors
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