Safety Management 

General Responsibilities of Governments for Occupational Health and Safety Include:

Management systems are tools that help an organization continually improve its health, safety and environmental performance. They contain organizational elements that follow a continuous cycle of planning, implementing, checking, and improving. A management system improves your ability to identify and remove hazards and decrease health and safety risk at the workplace.


What Are The Program Elements?


While organizations will have different needs and scope for specific elements required in their health and safety program, the following basic items should be considered in each case:

  • Individual responsibility.

  • Joint occupational health and safety committee.

  • Health and safety rules.

  • Correct work procedures.

  • Employee orientation.

  • Training.

  • Workplace inspections.

  • Reporting and investigating accidents/incidents.

  • Emergency procedures.

  • Medical and first aid.

  • Health and safety promotion.

  • Workplace specific items.

Our Services Offer: 
  • Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System (WHMIS).

  • Lock out procedures.

  • Confined space procedures.

  • Hot-work permits.

  • Material handling rules.

  • Plant maintenance.

  • Fire safeguards.

  • Vehicle safety rules.

  • Off-the-job safety.

  • Working alone guidelines.

  • Personal protective equipment requirements.

  • Engineering standards.

  • Purchasing standards.

  • Preventive maintenance.

What Is An Occupational Health and Safety (OH&S) Program?

A health and safety program is a definite plan of action designed to prevent accidents and occupational diseases.


Some form of a program is required under occupational health and safety legislation in most Canadian jurisdictions. A health and safety program must include the elements required by the health and safety legislation as a minimum.

Because organizations differ, a program developed for one organization cannot necessarily be expected to meet the needs of another. We document and summarizes the general elements of a health and safety program. This approach should help smaller organizations to develop programs to deal with their specific needs.

How Is The Effectiveness of OH&S Program Evaluated?

Accident frequency and severity rates are not always the only measures to use for evaluating the effectiveness of a health and safety program. Cases of occupational disease are often under-reported in these statistics. The emphasis is usually on injury-producing accidents, not all events. Since accidents/incidents are rare events, in small organizations the basis for comparison may be limited.


It is desirable to use an audit as a before-the-fact measure of the effectiveness of an OH&S program. An audit uses a checklist in which each element is subdivided into a series of questions. Each question is given a weighting factor depending on its importance. Records, observations, interviews, and questionnaires are used to evaluate performance for each sub-element.


A number of audit systems are available.


Annual audits appear to be more common, but reviewing critical elements in the program more frequently may be advisable. The audit team, which should include representation from the joint health and safety committee, must receive appropriate training in audit procedures.


The audit identifies weaknesses in the health and safety program. Little is achieved unless a procedure is established to ensure prompt follow-up on deficiencies. This procedure should include provision for target dates for remedial action and checks to confirm completion.

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